.... .. Indigenous Media

 

Schooling of any kind is unnecessary and counterproductive in human children

Children don't need schooling. They need access to what they want to learn—
and that means they need access to the world outside the home.

-My Ishmael, Daniel Quinn

audio summary

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Music:"Thanksgiving"
Hawk Henries

Indigenous Media

Here is my distinction - my Indian distinction. God hath willed that I have no King, and that I be master of my lands in common.

I Panaouamskeyen [Penobscot], do inform ye - ye who are scattered all over the earth notice -- of what has passed between me and the English in negotiating the peace that I have just concluded with them.

He [Governor Dummer] began by asking me, what brought me hither? I did not give him for answer--I am come to ask your pardon; nor, I come to acknowledge you as my conqueror; nor, I come to make my submission to you; nor, I come to receive your commands .... Much less, I repeat, did I become his subject, or give him my land, or acknowledge his King as my King. This I never did, and he never proposed it to me. I say, he never said to me - Give thyself and thy land to me, nor acknowledge my King for thy King, as thy ancestors formerly did.

He again said to me - But do you not recognize the King of England as King over all his states?

To which I answered - Yes, I. recognize him King over all his lands; but I rejoined, do not hence infer that I acknowledge thy King as my King, and King of my lands.

Here is my distinction - my Indian distinction. God hath willed that I have no King, and that I be master of my lands in common.

He again asked me - Do you not admit that I am at least master of the lands I have purchased? I answered him thereupon, that I admit nothing, and that I knew not what he had reference to.

-Sagouarrab, representing the Wabenaki in 1727 negotiations with Gov. Dummer of Massachusetts

If they come wearing the face of brotherhood then there will come a time of wonderful change for generations to come...Beware if the light skinned race comes wearing the face of death.

One of the prophets said,


"You will know the future of our people by the face the light skinned race wears. If they come wearing the face of brotherhood then there will come a time of wonderful change for generations to come. They will bring new knowledge and articles that can be joined with the knowledge of this country. In this way, two nations will join to make a mighty nation. This new nation will be joined by two more so that four will for the mightiest nation of all. You will know the face of the brotherhood if the light skinned race comes carrying no weapons, if they come bearing only their knowledge and a hand shake."


The other prophet said,


"Beware if the light skinned race comes wearing the face of death. You must be careful because the face of brotherhood and the face of death look very much alike. If they come carrying a weapon ... beware. If they come in suffering ... They could fool you. Their hearts may be filled with greed for the riches of this land. If they are indeed your brothers, let them prove it. Do not accept then in total trust. You shall know that the face they wear is one of death if the rivers run with poison and fish become unfit to eat. You shall know them by these many things."

-Seven Fires Prophecy

Teacher seeks pupil. Must have an earnest desire to save the world.

--Daniel Quinn, Ishmael

indigenous media is a space for asking questions about the relationship of new media and indigenous cultures

Marshall McLuhan claimed that electronic media produces a new human condition--that of living in a global village

this course asks us to unpack that paradox, to find parallels as well as challenges between network practices and traditional cultures, and to learn how some uses of new media might be brought to bear in the effort to save endangered human cultures around the world--those of indigenous peoples as well as our own...

audio summary of class pedagogy & concepts (at left) can also be found on Media Blog of the Share, Share Widely Conference on New Media Education, CUNY Grad Center, NYC May 6, 2005.

 

As soon as there's visible wealth—as opposed to just food on the table, clothes on your back, and a roof over your head—it's easy to predict how it will be distributed.                                                              

-Daniel Quinn, My Ishmael

Expectations
This course requires a high level of conceptual, creative and collaborative work. I expect you to respect each person’s desire to learn and to work, and to commit yourself to making the class thrive. In addition to conscientious preparation, your contribution depends on two critical skills: first, your ability to articulate your thoughts, questions, doubts, and hunches based on both assigned work and life experiences; second, your ability to listen respectfully and deeply to your classmates’ contributions. Consider these questions: How can I articulate my unspoken hunches, curiosities, insights, or suspicions? And, how can I help others do the same? Finally, how can I help the conceptual and creative work of this group? A seminar is a gift economy—what gifts do you bring, pass on, or exchange?

Requirements
Attendance
Attendance is critical for a course at this level. Your input and participation keep the class lively and interactive (vs. hierarchical). You are allowed one unexcused absence without grade penalty. After that, each missed class results in a drop of one letter grade per missed class.

Incompletes
You will be evaluated on whatever work you turn in by the last day of class. I do not grant incompletes, except in rare cases of family or personal duress. And in such a case, work must be completed within 4 weeks.

Projects
Good work requires risk-taking. You must be willing to design and create in the rough stage if you really want to remain open to promising material. Rough does not mean lazily or without effort. It means that you have silenced your censors and are willing to go with a gut feeling. Originality is hard to achieve when you are too worried about conforming or excelling. You have to be willing to trust yourself even as you are aware of your context. This is not easy or obvious, but I will give you lots of support for doing this.

Teaching/Learning Philosophy
Knowledge, Wisdom and Creativity are social skills, not personal attributes. Creative thinking is social in nature. Socrates was one of the first to point this out in the Dialogues (why do you think they’re called dialogues?), and in his method of teaching.

We also know that humans learn best when they are playing. Children know this instinctively. We often need to regress to find that space. So regress if you have to. Follow the fun. Figure out what you enjoy, and do it with your whole heart, mind, body.

The goal of our seminar group is to further creative thinking and play. It is a collaborative learning environment in which you work with each other to clarify and further your understanding of and reaction to material and to help strategize for tasks required by the course. Be bold, and irreverent without being disrespectful. Use the class to explore who you really are and what you really think in reference to course themes and tools, and vigorously support this growth in every member of the class. Your task is to help create an environment where everyone can think and play and can explore projects emerging from that engagement.

My role is not to direct or control, but to guide your explorations. In order for my guidance to work, you must supply your own challenges with questions, goals, projects or research that continually pushes the envelope of the class. I expect to learn something from each of you.

Grades
-breakdown
•50% Contributions to Discussion
(this of course includes attendance, which is critical in a seminar)
•50% Projects or Final Project
-scale
•Average work will earn a “C”. This means completing all assignments following basic instructions.
•Above average work will earn a “B”. This means consistent seminar participation, and above average project work.
• “A” grades are reserved for outstanding work in all areas. Improvement is noted.

Late work
You must complete all assignments in order to pass this class. If you turn in a late project, it will be marked down a half letter grade for each day that it is late. I will complete final grading before exams begin, so be sure I have all of your work by the final class.

Indigenous cultures have had a systemic understanding of nature and of their place in it — an understanding in terms of relationships, connectedness, and context — throughout the ages … they have what Gregory Bateson called “systemic wisdom.

-Fritjof Capra, author of The Tao of Physics

Class Readings/Media

jump to readings 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
General Bibliography

1. Empire

1491, Charles Mann

Introduction
ch 1 A View From Above
Part 1 Numbers from Nowhere
ch 2 Why Billington Survived
ch 3 In the Land of Four Quarters
ch 4 Frequently Asked Questions

Facing West, the Metaphysics of Indian-Hating and Empire Building, Richard Drinnon

Part 1 Maypoles and Pequots
ch IV The Pequot War
ch V The Legacy of the Pequot War
Part 2 Founding Fathers and Merciless Savages
ch IX Jefferson, II: Benevolence Betrayed
ch X Driving Indians into Jefferson’s Stony Mountains
Part 4 Civilizers and Conquerors
ch XVII The Manifest Destiny of John Fiske

The Invasion of America, Francis Jennings

Part I Myths of the Marshlands
ch 3 Reciprocal Discovery / 32
ch 8 The Deed Game / 128
Part II The Heathen For Inheritance, and the Earth for Possession
ch 13 “We Must Burn Them” / 202
ch 17 Outrage Bloody and Barbarous / 298
ch 18 Dead End / 313

2. Technology

In the Absence of the Sacred: the Failure of Technology and the Survival of Indian Nation, Jerry Mander

Part 2 The Inevitable Direction of Megatechnology
ch 10 Statement to the Modern World
Part 3 Suppression of the Native Alternative
ch 12 Indians are Different From Americans
ch 13 The Gift of Democracy
Part 4 World War Against the Indians
ch 17 The Theft of Nevada

3. Ceremony

God is Red, Vine Deloria Jr.

ch 4 The Religious Question / 57
ch 5 Thinking in Time and Space / 75
ch 14 Tribal Religions and Contemporary American Culture

Spell of Sensuous, David Abram


Marshall Mcluhan on Global Village & Media as “Extensions of Man” & Baudrillard on simulacra & media
Manufacturing Consent, Noam Chomsky, selections

Anoqocou, gkisedtanamoogk

The entire copy {only 33 pages}

4. Kinship

Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, Dee Brown
(each student take a different chapter & report to class)

This is a must read in its entirety, but given the time constraints…
ch 1 “ There Manners are Decorous and Praiseworthy” / 1
ch 4 War comes to the Cheyenne / 67
ch 7 “The Only Good Indian is a Dead Indian” / 143
ch 12 The War for the Black Hills / 261
ch 18 Dance of the Ghosts / 389
ch 19 Wounded Knee / 413

The Sacred Hoop, Recovering the Feminine in American Indian Traditions, Paula Gunn Allen

Introduction / 1-8
Part 1 The Ways of Our Grandmothers / 9
ch 1 Grandmother of the Sun… / 13
ch 2 When Women Throw Down the Bundles… / 30
ch 3 Where i come from Is Like This / 43Part 2 The Word Warriors
c.1 The Sacred Hoop… / 54
c.4 The Feminine Landscape… / 118
Part 3 Pushing Up the Sky
ch 1 Angry Women are Building… / 189
ch 2 How the West was Really Won / 194
ch 6 Stealing the Thunder…. / 262

5. Sovereignty

Uneven Ground, American Indian Sovereignty and Federal Law; Wilkins & Lomawaima

Introduction
ch 1 “The Law of Nations” / 19
c.2 “ With the Greatest Respect… / 64
c.3 “Such an Outrage…. / 98
ch 4 “Treaties are Covenants”… / 117

Enduring Legacies, Bruce Johansen

Forward and Introduction
c.1 “The Lobster War,”… / 1
c.2 Sovereign Municipalities… / 25
c.3 The Treaty of Canandaigua… / 45
ch 11 The New Terminators… / 305

American Indian in Western Legal Thought, Robert Williams

Introduction
Part 1 The Medieval and Renaissance Origins…
ch 2 The Perfect Instruments…

6. Earth

I Become a Part of It, Sacred Dimensions in Native American Life, D.M.Dooling, Paul Jordan-Smith

Introduction
9 / Becoming a Part of It
36 / Doing Your Thinking
59 / The Demands of Harmony
75 / “It’s Where You Put Your Eyes”
124 / Boundaries of Belief
193 / The Spiritual Landscape
246 / The Road to the Center
259 / Out of Chaos
270 / Our Mother Earth

7. Prophecy

The State of Native America, Genocide, Colonization, and Resistance M.Annette Jaimes ed

Preface: The State of Native North America
Introduction: Sand Creek, the Morning After
Table: Key Indian Laws and Cases
ch 1 The Demography of Native North America….
ch 2 International Law and Politics….
ch 5 The Earth is Our Mother….
ch 9 Trouble in High Places…
ch 13 American Indian Education in the United States…
Epilogue: Looking For Columbus…

A Basic Call to Consciousness, The Haudenosaunee Address the World, Akwesasne Notes

Read in its entirety

For Indigenous Eyes Only, Waziyatawin Angela Wilson, Michael Yellow Bird, ed.

6 / The Decolonization of Indigenous Governance
9 / Ideology, Power, and the Miseducation of Indigenous Peoples in the United States
12 / Relieving Our Suffering…

<<back to top

General Bibliography

Texts

Articles

Media

Online

<<back to top

 

Quotes

In aboriginal societies the network of distributed information processing covers the whole of the continent…aboriginal people consider this to be their task on earth: to be an information processing society.

--Fischer, On Wired Aborigines

Networking has become an efficient medium for stimulating information flows, educatingg people quickly about issues, and creating extensive international talking circles.

Building networks is...based on the principles of relationships and connections. Relationships are initiated on a face to face basis and then maintained over many years...

--Decolonizing Methodologies, Linda Tuhiwai Smith

It may be the central assumption of technological society that there is virtue in overpowering nature and native peoples.

The Indian problem today...is directly related to the needs of technological societies to find and obtain remotely located resources, in order to fuel an incessant and intrinsic demand for growth and technological fulfillment.

--In the Absence of the Sacred, Jerry Mander

Tribal Wealth

Tribal Wealth is the energy that tribal members give each other in order to keep the tribe going. This energy is inexhuastible, a completely renewable resource.

 -Daniel Quinn, My Ishmael

Baudrillard Summary of Simulacra

To simulate, Baudrillard says initially, is to pretend to have what one has not. He compares previous notions of extreme simulation with a Borges' story in which the conceptual (a map) exactly replicates the original (real territory). Today, however, we have simulacra - 'the generation by models of a real without origin or reality: a hyperreal.' Baudrillard posits the end of metaphysics, of questions of imitation or reduplication of the 'real', and the start of "substituting signs of the real for the real itself". To simulate, in fact, implies more than just 'pretending'. It produces the same symptoms/signs/images as the 'real' and so operates on a different level from the 'false' or the 'true'. Baudrillard makes a comparison with a religion in which there are only icons or images of a non-existent God.

Subsequently, Baudrillard argues that there are four phases of the image: one that reflects a basic reality; one that masks or perverts a basic reality; one that masks the absence of a basic reality; and one that bears no relation to any reality (is its own pure simulacrum). He then discusses these phases, and particularly the fourth, in relation to Disneyland and Watergate. As a development of this, one of Baudrillard's most famous and provocative claims is that "Illusion is no longer possible." He gives the example of a bank raid and argues that the apparatus at a Western bank is so geared towards reading the signs of a 'real' bank raid that it would be impossible to simulate one: the established order 'devours' attempts at simulation. This is because simulation is threatening (especially of categories like truth and falsehood, certainty and uncertainty, good and evil). "Whence the characteristic hysteria of our time: the hysteria of production and reproduction of the real."

 

We cannot avoid imposing some set of connections, like a phantasmal spiderweb, over events that just happen as they happen.

-J Hillis Miller

<<back to schedule page

assignment 1

assignment 2

assignment 3

assignment 4

assignment 5

assignment 6

assignment 6

read & view section 6 works, present final class project

The new electronic interdependence recreates the world in the image of a global village

-Marshall McLunan, 62, p 31

 

Empire, Colonization, History, War

1491, Charles Mann

Introduction
ch 1 A View From Above
Part 1 Numbers from Nowhere
ch 2 Why Billington Survived
ch 3 In the Land of Four Quarters
ch 4 Frequently Asked Questions

Facing West, the Metaphysics of Indian-Hating and Empire Building, Richard Drinnon

Part 1 Maypoles and Pequots
ch IV The Pequot War
ch V The Legacy of the Pequot War
Part 2 Founding Fathers and Merciless Savages
ch IX Jefferson, II: Benevolence Betrayed
ch X Driving Indians into Jefferson’s Stony Mountains
Part 4 Civilizers and Conquerors
ch XVII The Manifest Destiny of John Fiske

The Invasion of America, Francis Jennings

Part I Myths of the Marshlands
ch 3 Reciprocal Discovery / 32
ch 8 The Deed Game / 128
Part II The Heathen For Inheritance, and the Earth for Possession
ch 13 “We Must Burn Them” / 202
ch 17 Outrage Bloody and Barbarous / 298
ch 18 Dead End / 313

Media

Ten Short Videos of McLuhan


Technology, Language, Media

In the Absence of the Sacred: the Failure of Technology and the Survival of Indian Nation, Jerry Mander

Part 2 The Inevitable Direction of Megatechnology
ch 10 Statement to the Modern World
Part 3 Suppression of the Native Alternative
ch 12 Indians are Different From Americans
ch 13 The Gift of Democracy
Part 4 World War Against the Indians
ch 17 The Theft of Nevada

The Spell of the Sensuous, David Abram

ch 1
ch 2 p 56-72
ch 3
ch 4 skim

Articles

Marshall Mcluhan: On Global Village & FAQ
Jean Baudrillard: Simulacra & Postmodernity & Simulacra 2
Noam Chomsky: Manufacturing Consent 1 & 2 and Spectacular Achievements of Propaganda
J Blais, Decolonizing Cyberspace, In the Presence of the Sacred.

Media

AgoraXchange
PGP Keysigning

 

Ceremony, the Sacred

God is Red, Vine Deloria Jr.

ch 4 The Religious Question / 57
ch 5 Thinking in Time and Space / 75
ch 14 Tribal Religions and Contemporary American Culture

Anoqocou, gkisedtanamoogk

The entire copy {only 33 pages}

Media

Ten Short Videos of McLuhan
AgoraXchange
PGP Keysigning

 

Kinship, Family, Gender, Patriarchy


Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, Dee Brown

This is a must read in its entirety, but given the time constraints…
ch 1 “ There Manners are Decorous and Praiseworthy” / 1
ch 4 War comes to the Cheyenne / 67
ch 7 “The Only Good Indian is a Dead Indian” / 143
ch 12 The War for the Black Hills / 261
ch 18 Dance of the Ghosts / 389
ch 19 Wounded Knee / 413

The Sacred Hoop, Recovering the Feminine in American Indian Traditions, Paula Gunn Allen

Introduction / 1-8
Part 1 The Ways of Our Grandmothers / 9
ch 1 Grandmother of the Sun… / 13
ch 2 When Women Throw Down the Bundles… / 30
ch 3 Where i come from Is Like This / 43Part 2 The Word Warriors
c.1 The Sacred Hoop… / 54
c.4 The Feminine Landscape… / 118Part 3 Pushing Up the Sky
ch 1 Angry Women are Building… / 189
ch 2 How the West was Really Won / 194
ch 6 Stealing the Thunder…. / 262

Articles

Let Us Begin with Courage, Jeannette Armstrong

Media

Female Extension, Cornelia Solfrank
Rethinking Wargames, Ruth Catlow
Guerilla Girls
Longest Journey, Funcom
Mr Wong's Soup'artments
SissyFight, Eric Zimmerman
Modern Living, Hans Hooggebrugge

 

Sovereignty, Law, Government, Participatory Democracy

Uneven Ground, American Indian Sovereignty and Federal Law; Wilkins & Lomawaima

Introduction
ch 1 “The Law of Nations” / 19
c.2 “ With the Greatest Respect… / 64
c.3 “Such an Outrage…. / 98
ch 4 “Treaties are Covenants”… / 117

Enduring Legacies, Bruce Johansen

Forward and Introduction
c.1 “The Lobster War,”… / 1
c.2 Sovereign Municipalities… / 25
c.3 The Treaty of Canandaigua… / 45
ch 11 The New Terminators… / 305

American Indian in Western Legal Thought, Robert Williams

Introduction
Part 1 The Medieval and Renaissance Origins…
ch 2 The Perfect Instruments…

Articles

Richard Stallman's blog
founder of Electronic Frontier Foundation

General Referonce: Sovereignty, Tribal Sovereignty, and Dawes Act

Indigenous Domain: Pilgrims, Permaculture and Perl, Joline Blais

Media

Standing Silent Nation

 

Earth/Reconnection/ Commons/ Community/Creativity

 

I Become a Part of It, Sacred Dimensions in Native American Life, D.M.Dooling, Paul Jordan-Smith

Introduction
9 / Becoming a Part of It
36 / Doing Your Thinking
59 / The Demands of Harmony
75 / “It’s Where You Put Your Eyes”
124 / Boundaries of Belief
193 / The Spiritual Landscape
246 / The Road to the Center
259 / Out of Chaos
270 / Our Mother Earth

Articles

coming

Media

Taku, Our Land is Our Future

Peter Linebaugh, The Secret History of the Magna Carta

"If we assume that rules and norms are still evolving (continuously evolving), then given all of the globally connected activity present in the world today, are we on the verge of the emergence of a new social contract? If so, who are the participants? Who is excluded from the initial bargaining? What are their barriers to inclusion? Does this new social contract, by its formation and articulation, then constitute a new body politic?" onthecommons.org

 

Prophecy, Reconciliation, Decolonization, Re-Creation


The State of Native America, Genocide, Colonization, and Resistance M.Annette Jaimes ed.

Preface: The State of Native North America
Introduction: Sand Creek, the Morning After
Table: Key Indian Laws and Cases
ch 1 The Demography of Native North America….
ch 2 International Law and Politics….
ch 5 The Earth is Our Mother….
ch 9 Trouble in High Places…
ch 13 American Indian Education in the United States…
Epilogue: Looking For Columbus…

A Basic Call to Consciousness, The Haudenosaunee Address the World, Akwesasne Notes

Read in its entirety

For Indigenous Eyes Only, Waziyatawin Angela Wilson, Michael Yellow Bird, ed.

6 / The Decolonization of Indigenous Governance
9 / Ideology, Power, and the Miseducation of Indigenous Peoples in the United States
12 / Relieving Our Suffering…

Articles

J Blais, Decolonizing Cyberspace, In the Presence of the Sacred.

...a land was empty if it was not cultivated.

To the colonial mind a land was empty if it was not cultivated. It did not matter if it was occupied by a people. If they were non-agricultural peoples their lands would show up on maps as empty and therefore free for the taking.

-Andrea Bear Nicholas, “The St. John River Society”

...there may be more meaning in the everyday than meets the eye...culture consists of the meanings its subjects produce and reproduce. -Catherine Belsey

indigenous

new media

 

student

 

 

The central challenge of our time is to create and maintain sustainable communities, i.e. social, cultural, and physical environments in which we can satisfy our needs and aspirations without diminishing the chances of future generations.

-Fritjof Capra

if you have a resource for the class please send it to me & I will add it to this section.

communities

events
text
media

gkisedtanamoogk
Aubert Hall
Hrs: TBA

gsikedtananmoogk at umit dot maine dot edu

Joline Blais
400 Chadbourne
Hrs: Wed 2:00-4 pm 


jblais at maine dot edu